What Are the First Signs of Diabetes?

One of the medical conditions that require long-term medication is diabetes. It has various symptoms and each type [type 1 and type 2] can be identified using the first signs of diabetes.

Frequent urination is one of the common signs of diabetes. It is a warning sign that can also be observed in other medical conditions. Frequent urination is caused by the increase in blood glucose. High glucose level causes the kidneys to fail in filtering it due to insufficient water content. Water from the blood is drawn by the kidneys to supply enough water in order for them to function properly.

When the bladder is full, a person needs to release it by urinating. In the case of diabetics, the bladder is always full, thus the need for frequent urination. However, the water content of the blood decreases in the process, and this signals the brain to ask for more water. Hence, diabetics are frequently thirsty and urinating, and this cycle goes on during the course of the condition.

People with diabetes always crave for water or any fluids. And as mentioned before, frequent urination signals the brain to ask for more fluid intake, and diabetics carry these symptoms at the onset of their condition.

Another sign of diabetes is weight loss. For type 1 diabetes, weight loss is more frequent and prominent among patients compared to the type 2 diabetes. Since diabetics cannot utilize the energy from blood glucose, they always feel hungry and eat more often that usual.

But a diabetic, no matter how much he/she eats, cannot get sufficient energy from food. His/Her body requires more, so energy reserves in his/her body fats and tissues are utilized as well.

When this happens, the body loses fats and tissues, thus the weight loss. Don’t be happy when someone loses too much weight at a very fast pace especially without any exercise or diet program. He/She may be suffering from diabetes and may need immediate treatment.

Even the body cells of a diabetic do not have sufficient energy. Food is not enough to replenish the lost energy and this causes weakening and fatigue.

When there is excessive glucose in the blood, the nerves are also damaged. This causes the tingling sensations or numbness in the extremities. Nerve damage takes a longer time to set in type 2 diabetes which is why it takes years after most of the signs are evident. Diagnosis may be too late for most cases since the disease has already set in and the nerves are already damaged prior to it.

Other diabetes signs are bruises and cuts that don’t heal quickly, blurred vision and dry or itchy skin. Source: Simplediabetesguide dot com

Diabetes Coma

In today’s world, many people are realizing that they need to get educated about the reality of disease. In addition to gaining basic knowledge about conditions they may be susceptible to, individuals need to develop prevention strategies that can empower them to lead profoundly healthy lives. One condition that more and more people are striving to learn more about is diabetes. Learn more about this condition and some of its severe outcomes, including the diabetic coma, by reviewing the information found below:

Diabetes is an illness that takes place when an individual’s blood sugar (blood glucose) is too high. Blood glucose is the body’s primary source of energy and it is found in the foods we consume. Insulin, a hormone manufactured by the body’s pancreas, enables the glucose from food to enter our cells. The food is then used for energy. If the body doesn’t make enough insulin or utilize it effectively, the glucose remains in the blood and never reaches the cells. In some cases, individuals refer to diabetes as “borderline diabetes” or “a touch of sugar.” These phrases indicate that the individual doesn’t really have diabetes or is grappling with a less critical illness. Nevertheless, any and every case should be recognized, evaluated, and monitored.

The three most common kinds of diabetes include type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Individuals who have type 1 diabetes find that their bodies do not create insulin. Instead, their immune systems attack and destroy the pancreatic cells responsible for the production of insulin. Typically, this form of diabetes is diagnosed in young adults and children. However, it can appear at any stage of life. Individuals who have type 1 diabetes must take insulin each day to live.

Individuals who struggle with type 2 diabetes find that their bodies are not making or using insulin effectively. People can acquire this form of diabetes at any stage of life, including childhood. However, the condition is most common amongst elderly and middle-aged people. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the condition.

gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes surfaces in some women during their pregnancies. Generally, this form of diabetes ends once the baby is born. Yet if you endure gestational diabetes, you are more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes later on. In some cases, the form of diabetes diagnosed during a woman’s pregnancy is type 2.

One less common form of diabetes is monogenic diabetes. This is a form of diabetes that individuals inherit. Another less common form of diabetes is cystic fibrosis-related diabetes

In 2015, 30.3 million US individuals had diabetes. This is 9.4% of the population. Over 1 in 4 of these individuals were unaware that they were grappling with the condition. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 individuals who are over 65. About 90-95% of adults who have diabetes are dealing with the type 2 form.

There are multiple symptoms which can indicate that an individual is struggling with diabetes. Some of them include:

• Increased urination and thirst
• Fatigue
• Increased hunger
• Numbness in the hands or feet
• Blurred vision
• Inexplicable weight loss
• Sores that will not heal

Type 2 diabetes can be caused by a wide range of factors, including genes and lifestyle. Some considerations:

If you lead a sedentary lifestyle and are currently obese or overweight, you are more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes. In some cases, carrying excess weight can cause insulin resistance. Also, the location of the body fat matters. Specifically, excess fat in the abdominal region is linked to blood vessel disease, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. You can utilize BMI charts to determine whether your current weight is increasing your susceptibility to this condition.

Typically, type 2 diabetes starts with insulin resistance. This is a condition in which fat cells, liver, and muscle do not utilize insulin effectively. As a consequence of this bodily shortcoming, the body requires more insulin to ensure that glucose can enter the cells. In the beginning, the individual’s pancreas will create more insulin to compensate for the added demands. Over the course of time, the person’s pancreas will not produce sufficient amounts of insulin. This in turn causes her or his blood glucose levels to rise.

Unfortunately, there are some genes that can make an individual more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes. The condition tends to become prevalent within families. Additionally, it occurs most frequently within the following ethnic/racial communities:

• African Americans
• American Indians
• Alaska Natives
• Hispanics/Latinos
• Asian Americans
• Pacific Islanders
• Native Hawaiians

Also note that an individual’s genes can increase their susceptibility to type 2 diabetes by increasing their risk of becoming obese or overweight.

Over the course of time, individuals who have too much glucose in their blood can begin to experience health complications. Some of them include:

• Stroke
• Heart Disease
• Foot Problems
• Eye Problems
• Kidney Disease
• Nerve Damage
• Dental Disease

Another health issue that an individual can experience as a result of diabetes is the diabetic coma. This type of coma is a state of unconscious resulting from either hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) or hyperglycemia (high blood glucose).

There are many symptoms which can indicate that an individual is experiencing this type of coma. Symptoms for those with hyperglycemia include:

• Abdominal pain
• Tiredness
• Increased urination
• Shortness of breath
• Drowsiness
• Weak pulse
• Increased thirst
• Walking unsteadily
• Dry mouth
• Rapid heart rate
• Hunger
• Fruity smell on the breath

Symptoms for those with hypoglycemia include:

• Sweating
• Weakness
• Anxiety
• Tiredness
• Shakiness
• Fast breathing
• Nausea
• Confusion
• Nervousness
• Light-headedness
• Problems communicating
• Dizziness
• Hunger

Other risk factors include:

• Trauma
• Surgery
• Illness
• Poor diabetes management
• Using illegal substances
• Insulin delivery problems
• Skipping doses of insulin
• Drinking alcohol

insulin injection diabetic coma
When individuals go into a diabetic coma, they require immediately treatment. If there is a delay in treatment, the person could suffer from death or brain damage.

If the individual’s blood sugar was too high, treatment will include:

• Intravenous fluids
• Insulin
• Supplements of potassium, sodium, and phosphate

If the individual’s blood sugar is too low, treatment will include:

• 50% dextrose solution
• Intravenous fluids
• Glucagon (a hormone that increases the person’s blood sugar)

There are multiple strategies that can be implemented to reduce the individual’s susceptibility to a diabetic coma. Some of them include:

• Checking and recording your blood sugar according to the times recommended by the designated medical professional
• Knowing the symptoms for low and high blood sugar
• Learning about foods that impact your blood sugar levels and designing a customized meal plan that promotes blood sugar balance
• Not skipping meals

In today’s world, millions of people struggle with diabetes. To ensure that you can avoid the condition or treat it properly, it’s important to learn as much about it as possible. Review the information outlined above so that you can retain a clear, concise understanding of what this condition is and how it operates in the body. Also, share this information on social media so that more people can become conscious of the role that diabetes may play in their lives or that of a loved one.